- Who Qualifies For A U Visa?
- Qualifying Family Members For A U Visa
- What Crimes Qualify For A U Visa?
WHAT IS A U VISA?
The U Visa is a very sensitive area of immigration law that was created to help and protect all victims of qualifying crimes, and their families. It is for those who have suffered substantial mental or physical abuse and are willing to assist law enforcement and government officials in the investigation or prosecution of the criminal activity. It is similar, but not the same as a T Visa which was created in 2000 under the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act.
The U visa provides eligible victims with nonimmigrant status in order to temporarily remain in the United States (U.S.) while assisting law enforcement.
If certain conditions are met, an individual with U nonimmigrant status may adjust to lawful permanent resident status.
Once the visa is approved it is valid for 4 years with possible extension. After 3 years, with continuous residence in US, a U Visa holder can file for their green card. A U Visa can be granted to any immigrant even if he/she has prior immigration or criminal violations in all but the most extreme circumstances.
- The U Visa nonimmigrant status was created by our government with violence against immigrant women in mind, but U Visa status extends to all victims of qualifying crimes regardless of gender
- The U Visa is meant to encourage participation of immigrant victims in the prosecution of offenders
- It is meant to take away the fear of adverse immigration consequences that deter many aliens from reporting offenses
- It makes undocumented immigrants legal if they meet criteria listed below
WHO QUALIFIES FOR A U VISA?
- Be the direct or indirect victim of a qualifying crime (list of qualifying crimes below)
- Crime must have occurred in US
- Crime must be in violation of US law
- Crime could have taken place many years ago – there is no statute of limitations
- Victim must possess information regarding crime
- Victim has been helpful to local, state or federal law enforcement authorities. This requirement includes certification by law enforcement.
- Victim suffered substantial physical or emotional harm
ALSO CERTAIN QUALIFYING FAMILY MEMBERS MAY RECEIVE U VISA STATUS:
- If the victim is under 21: his or her spouse, children, parents, unmarried siblings under 18
- If victim is over 21: spouse and children
WHAT CRIMES QUALIFY FOR U VISAS?
Important: The crimes DO NOT require conviction, apprehension of criminals, or prosecution.
- Domestic violence
- Sexual assault
- Abusive sexual contact
- Sexual exploitation
- Female genital mutilation
- Being held hostage
- Involuntary servitude
- Slave trade
- Unlawful criminal restraint
- False imprisonment
- Felonious assault
- Witness tampering
- Obstruction of justice
- Or attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit any of the above mentioned crimes
If you, someone you know, or a member or your family, are the victims of a crime on US soil, you need to talk about it with a top immigration lawyer who understands how to handle these matters, as it may result in a work permit and then a green card.